UNODC in Myanmar
UNODC’s history in Myanmar dates back to 1976. Our present work in the country is guided by our Country Programme (2014-17), and covers five interlinked thematic areas:
- Transnational organized crime & illicit trafficking: UNODC provides support to Myanmar in complying with international conventions related to transnational organized crime and illicit trafficking, as well as authorities’ capacity to investigate and prosecute transnational organized crime and to identify and support victims. Systems to collegially gather and share information and intelligence are being strengthened, and the network and capacities of the Border Liaison Offices upgraded. Support is also provided to prevention campaigns highlighting the negative impacts of transnational organized crimes.
- Anti-corruption: UNODC supports Myanmar’s commitment to prevent and respond to corruption in line with international standards. This includes enhancing economic governance and transparency in the private sector, developing a national anti-corruption strategy and national legislation, and providing training to the newly established Commission on Anti-Corruption.
- Criminal justice: UNODC works to strengthen the legal and policy framework for criminal justice systems, including through the development of a police reform road map, a crime prevention strategy and prison management policies. Most of the activities concentrate on improving the capacity of the legal profession, police, and prison staff, with a strong emphasis on effective oversight mechanisms and respect for human rights. Public awareness of the criminal justice system is also improved, and an integrated approach to providing legal aid to the accused, witnesses and victims, including women victims of violence, is introduced.
- Drugs and Health: UNODC assists in building the capacity to research and monitor drug use and HIV in Myanmar, developing legislation, policies, and guidelines in relation drug use and HIV care, strengthening government systems for the programming and delivery of prevention and treatment, expanding methadone maintenance and HIV prevention programming to vulnerable groups, and increasing the role of CBOs and CSOs in the delivery of services.
- Sustainable livelihood and Development: UNODC implements a long term strategy to improve the socio-economy situation of small farmers. This covers improving food security, providing inputs and technical knowledge to grow quality cash crops (coffee, rubber etc.) providing empowerment through forming farmer organizations. In addition, UNODC continuous to conduct the annual opium poppy monitoring survey to gather reliable data of cultivation.
Do you know that:
- Transnational organized crime flows in the East Asia and Pacific region annually generates illicit revenues of more than US$90 billion. This is corresponds to twice the GDP of Myanmar, eight times that of Cambodia, and 13 times that of Lao PDR.
- Myanmar is the second largest opium producing country in the world, and that more than 300,000 households cultivate opium poppy in Myanmar.