UN Women in Myanmar
UN Women is mandated to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment in national, regional and global agendas and in the work of the UN system. UN Women has established country programming presence in Myanmar prior to which the organization fielded a Senior Gender Advisor/Focal Point for UN Women to the RC. UN Women works by galvanizing the gender expertise in the UN system in support of national priorities through the UN Gender Theme Group.
In Myanmar, where democratic governance and rule of law, national reconciliation and peace and economic reform are key pillars of the triple reform process, UN Women focuses on gender responsive governance and peace and women’s economic empowerment. Working in close partnership with a range of government ministries, civil society, and international development co-operation partners, since late 2013, UN Women has contributed to the incorporation of gender provisions in the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA), thus supporting the enhancement of government commitments to women and peace issues. The NCA that was finally adopted on October 15, 2015 had three gender provisions: the principle of non-discrimination based on gender; preventing sexual violence against women; and, including women in the political dialogue.
Similarly, UN Women has contributed to engendering the Framework for Political Dialogue (FfPD) adopted in December 2015 and approved by the President. The FfPD incorporated the following gender provisions: equal opportunity for both men & women to participate in the dialogue; at least 30% women’s representation in the dialogue and in the thematic committees; and, addressing social issues in the political dialogue from a gender equality perspective. These contributions resulted from strategic and diplomatic advocacy with government as well as intensive capacity building for 166 senior government officials from 14 ministries at Union and State level, parliamentarians and officials from quasi government institutions, 410 women, especially ethnic women leaders and 30 members of EAOs on the gender-based impacts of conflict.
Do you know that:
- Key knowledge products produced by UN Women that have been used in capacity building include, “Why Gender Matters in Peace and Conflict: Perspectives from Mon and Kayin States”; “Landmarks in Myanmar’s Peace Process: The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement in Myanmar – A Gender Equality and Women’s Rights Analysis”; and “Women’s Access to Justice in Plural Legal Systems of Myanmar”, supported by the Government of Canada. A recent conference in June 2016 co-organized by UN Women, the Alliance for Gender Inclusion in the Peace Process in Myanmar and the Peace Support Fund, for over a 100 participants discussed these publications from a perspective of implementing the NCA from a gender perspective.
- In partnership with IOM and ILO, UN Women has provided technical assistance to engendering key migration related laws and policies, including: Overseas Foreign Employment Act, 1999; the National Action Plan on Overseas Labour Migration and the Code of Conduct for Recruiting Agencies.
- UN Women has commenced work in partnership with government, civil society and FAO on Women in Agriculture and with government, civil society partners, as well as with UNDP and UNCDF on women’s access to Energy and Sustainable Energy entrepreneurship. This is in line with its economic empowerment agenda that seeks to enhance women’s access to productive assets, decent work and entrepreneurship. Given the Government of Myanmar’s implementing and reporting obligations to the CEDAW Committee under CEDAW on 6 July, 2016, UN Women in partnership with other arms of the UN provided technical assistance to the Government’s reporting process, including convening two mock sessions on CEDAW reporting with the Department of Social Welfare, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement.
- Finally, in fulfillment of its co-ordination mandate, UN Women has supported the UN System to deliver as one in support of national priorities, via the UN Gender Theme Group on a range of strategic issues: the Gender Situation Analysis that is intended to support the implementation of the National Strategic Plan for the Advancement of Women (2012-2022); technical guidance to the development of the draft Prevention of Violence against Women Law; technical assistance and advocacy to a set of other women-specific legislative measures and technical assistance to CEDAW reporting and implementation.