The United Nations and partners are currently providing humanitarian assistance to over one million people in Myanmar. This includes 460,000 people who were severely affected by the devastating floods in August 2015 and who continue to require support, particularly in the food security sector.
Since 2011, more than 240,000 people have been displaced in Myanmar. Four years on from significant outbreaks of violence in Rakhine State, 120,000 IDPs remain in camps for displaced people. In Kachin and northern Shan States some 100,000 people remain displaced as a result of the conflict that re-erupted in June 2011. Some 50 per cent of them are staying in areas beyond Government control, where humanitarian access is limited. Renewed outbreaks of fighting in Kachin and Shan states continues to displace people and place civilians at risk.
The UN and partners are currently providing humanitarian assistance and early recovery support to displaced people and other vulnerable people to meet their basic needs and improve their opportunity for a dignified life. Activities include food assistance, healthcare and nutrition support, shelter, water/sanitation/hygiene, protection services, as well as education and livelihoods support. One of the UN’s key strategic objectives is to enhance the resilience of communities to conflict and natural disasters and to contribute to early recovery and durable solutions. This involves ensuring strong linkages between humanitarian and development initiatives.
Myanmar is considered to be one of the countries at highest risk of natural disasters in South East Asia and disaster preparedness is a major challenge. Myanmar is currently ranked 10th out of 191 countries on the Index for Risk Management (INFORM) which assesses the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters that could overwhelm national capacity to respond, and 2nd on the Global Climate Risk Index of countries most affected by extreme events from 1995 to 2014. The country is at high risk of cyclones, floods, landslides, earthquakes and other natural hazards. The UN is working with the Government of Myanmar and civil society to improve disaster risk reduction and activities aimed at strengthening national capacity to prepare for and respond to natural disasters. This includes support to the Government’s Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) in Nay Pyi Taw.
UN response capacity in Myanmar
- 10 United Nations agencies, funds, programs undertake humanitarian activities including WFP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNOCHA, UNDP, FAO, WHO, MIMU and IOM.
- Humanitarian action in Myanmar is under the responsibility of the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, who leads the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), a group comprised of the UN, INGOs and local NGOs. The HCT develops the Myanmar Humanitarian Response Plan, which in 2016 called for US$ 190 million to provide aid to an estimated 1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Myanmar.